virtualbox-logo-smallOracle VirtualBox is a powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use. VirtualBox is a general-purpose full virtualizer for x86 hardware. Targeted at server, desktop and embedded use, it is now the only professional-quality virtualization solution that is also Open Source Software.

VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems:

  • Windows 3.x
  • Windows NT 4.0
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows XP
  • Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Windows Vista
  • Windows 7
  • Windows 8
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • DOS
  • Linux (2.4, 2.6, 3.0, 3.2, 3.4, 3.10, 3.16, 3.18, 4.1, 4.4, 4.7, 4.8)
  • Solaris
  • OpenSolaris
  • OpenBSD

This guide shows howto install VirtualBox 5.1 (currently 5.1.10) on Fedora 25/24/23/22, CentOS 7.2/6.8/5.11, Red Hat (RHEL) 7.2/6.8/5.11. This guide uses Virtual Box own yum repositories.

Note: Fedora 21/20/19/18 users can install VirtualBox 5.0, Fedora 17 users can install VirtualBox 4.3 and Fedora 16 users can install VirtualBox 4.2.

1. Change to root User


su -
## OR ##
sudo -i

2. Install Fedora or RHEL Repo Files


cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

## Fedora 25/24/23/22/21/20/19/18/17/16 users
wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/fedora/virtualbox.repo

## CentOS 7.2/6.8/5.11 and Red Hat (RHEL) 7.2/6.8/5.11 users
wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/rhel/virtualbox.repo

3. Update latest packages and check your kernel version

Update packages


## Fedora 25/24/23/22 ##
dnf update

## Fedora 21/20/19/18/17/16 and CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5 ##
yum update

Check that that you are running latest installed kernel version
Output of following commands version numbers should match:


rpm -qa kernel |sort -V |tail -n 1

uname -r

Note: If you got kernel update or run older kernel than newest installed then reboot:


reboot

4. Install following dependency packages

CentOS 7/6/5 and Red Hat (RHEL) 7/6/5 needs EPEL repository, install it with following command:


## CentOS 7 and RHEL 7 ##
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-8.noarch.rpm

## CentOS 6 and RHEL 6 ##
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

## CentOS 5 and RHEL 5 ##
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm

## Fedora 25/24/23/22 ##
dnf install binutils gcc make patch libgomp glibc-headers glibc-devel kernel-headers kernel-devel dkms

## Fedora 21/20/19/18/17/16 and CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5 ##
yum install binutils gcc make patch libgomp glibc-headers glibc-devel kernel-headers kernel-devel dkms

## PAE kernel users install ##
## Fedora 24/23/22 ##
dnf install binutils gcc make patch libgomp glibc-headers glibc-devel kernel-headers kernel-PAE-devel dkms

## Fedora 21/20/19/18/17/16 and CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5 ##
yum install binutils gcc make patch libgomp glibc-headers glibc-devel kernel-headers kernel-PAE-devel dkms

5. Install VirtualBox Latest Version 5.1 (currently 5.1.10)


## Fedora 25/24/23/22 ##
dnf install VirtualBox-5.1

## Fedora 21/20/19/18/17/16/15/14 and CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5 ##
yum install VirtualBox-5.1

Note:
This command create automatically vboxusers group and VirtualBox user must be member of that group.
This command also build needed kernel modules.
Package is VirtualBox-5.1 not VirtualBox.

Rebuild kernel modules with following command:


## Fedora 25/24/23/22/21/20/19 and CentOS/RHEL 7 ##
/usr/lib/virtualbox/vboxdrv.sh setup

## Fedora 18/17/16 and CentOS/RHEL 6/5 ##
/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup
## OR ##
service vboxdrv setup

6. Add VirtualBox User(s) to vboxusers Group

Replace user_name with your own user name or some another real user name.


usermod -a -G vboxusers user_name

7. Start VirtualBox

Use launcher from menu or simply run:


VirtualBox

Troubleshooting

If you have problems with KERN_DIR parameter or your kernel directory is not automatically detected then set KERN_DIR environment variable manually, using following method:


## Current running kernel on Fedora ##
KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/`uname -r`
 
## Current running kernel on CentOS and Red Hat (RHEL) ##
KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/`uname -r`-`uname -m`
 
## Fedora example ##
KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/2.6.33.5-124.fc13.i686
 
## CentOS and Red Hat (RHEL) example ##
KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.11.1.el5-x86_64
 
## Export KERN_DIR ##
export KERN_DIR

Check also:

Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)