VirtualBox Guest Additions on Fedora 22/21, CentOS/RHEL 7.1/6.7/5.11

virtualbox-logo-smallThis is guide, howto install Oracle VirtualBox Guest Additions on Fedora, CentOS and Red Hat (RHEL). This guide should work with Fedora 22/21/20/19/18/17/16/15/14/13/12, CentOS 7.1/6.7/5.11, Red Hat (RHEL) 7.1/6.7/5.11.

VirtualBox Guest Additions is special software that can be installed inside Linux virtual machines to improve performance and make integration much more seamless. Among the features provided by these VirtualBox Guest Additions are mouse pointer integration and arbitrary screen solutions (e.g. by resizing the guest window).

Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Fedora, CentOS and Red Hat (RHEL)

1. Change root user

2. Make sure that you are running latest kernel

Update virtual machine kernel and reboot

3. Mount VirtualBox Guest Additions

Click Devices > Install Guest Additions… on VirtualBox
VirtualBox Install Guest Additions

Mount VirtualBox Guest Additions device

4. Install following packages

On CentOS/Red Hat (RHEL) 7/6/5, EPEL repo is needed

Install following packages

If you have CentOS/RHEL 6.7 then check this comment. You need older kernel.

5. Add KERN_DIR environment variable

6. Install Guest Additions

Output looks like following:

7. Reboot guest system

Then VirtualBox Guest Additions install is ready.

Check also:

Install VirtualBox (with yum) on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)

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  1. Good Tips – it works. For Centos 7 and for Centos 6 also.

    • Hi JR,
      I have installed one Oracle Linux 6.6 hosted by Windows. I’m student and I used your post to install Guest Additions, just to split my screen in two parts, but after reboot process the Oracle VM VirtualBox is not resizing the screen. Could you please help me to solve this problem?


      • su –
        mkdir /media/vboxguest
        run df -h
        see where areyou seeing your VirtualBoxGuestAdditions media mostly in /media/VirtualBoxGuestAdditions or run/media/root/VirtualBoxGuestAdditions (on RHEL7)
        go to that directory and execute cp / /media/vboxguest/
        yum update kernel*
        yum install gcc kernel-devel kernel-headers dkms make bzip2 perl
        cd /media/vboxguest
        run ./

        no need to do any other step. in my case it worked always and have tried more than 20 times.

  2. Thanks a lot for this post! It was a life-saver for me.
    In certain regards I am forced to use CentOS and I don’t understand why this is so annoying compared to Ubuntu.

  3. Thanks a Lot. Installed GA successfully for Centos 6.5 on VirtualBox with your guidelines.

  4. Great instructions! Thanks so much–

  5. Unfortunately my install with a Red Hat 6.7 guest failed during the:
    sh ./

    The output indicated:
    Building the OpenGL support module [FAILED]
    (Look at /var/log/vboxadd-install.log to find out what went wrong)

    The logfile indicated:

    make KERNELRELEASE=2.6.32-573.1.1.el6.x86_64 -C /lib/modules/2.6.32-573.1.1.el6.x86_64/build M=/var/lib/dkms/vboxguest/4.3.30/build………(bad exit status: 2)
    Error! Bad return status for module build on kernel: 2.6.32-573.1.1.el6.x86_64 (x86_64)
    Consult /var/lib/dkms/vboxguest/4.3.30/build/make.log for more information.

    and that logfile indicated:

    In file included from /var/lib/dkms/vboxguest/4.3.30/build/vboxvideo/vboxvideo_drm.c:79:
    include/drm/drmP.h:64:26: error: uapi/drm/drm.h: No such file or directory
    include/drm/drmP.h:65:31: error: uapi/drm/drm_mode.h: No such file or directory

    uapi/drm exists under /usr/include, so creating a symbolic link resulted in a different error in this log:

    /var/lib/dkms/vboxguest/4.3.30/build/vboxvideo/vboxvideo_drm.c:129: error: ‘drm_mmap’ undeclared here (not in a function)
    make[2]: *** [/var/lib/dkms/vboxguest/4.3.30/build/vboxvideo/vboxvideo_drm.o] Error 1

    If I look at vboxvideo_drm.c, the corresponding code is:

    /* This shouldn't be necessary even for old kernels as there is
    * nothing sensible to mmap. But we play safe and keep it for
    * legacy reasons. */
    .mmap = drm_mmap,
    # endif

    so it appears that VirtualBox hasn't pulled in the correct headers, or has a kernel mismatch.
    Any idea what the source of the problem might be?

  6. Unbelievable! This solution was posted 5 years ago and still helping to the folks!. Thank you so much JR

  7. I am getting building opengl support failed error after doing these steps. Currently I have centOS6.7 version and virtual box 5.0

  8. Hello Marc and Lakshmi,

    You are totally right. VBoxGuestAdditions are not compatible with CentOS 6.7 kernel. Easy way is install older kernel and kernel-devel and use it. First update your host system and VirtualBox to version 5.0.2.

    Then install CentOS 6.6 kernel

    Then reboot and select kernel-2.6.32-504

    Compile VirtualBox Linux Additions

    And reboot once again and select kernel-2.6.32-504.

    Next step is protect older kernel version, so yum update shouldn’t remove it:

    Now you should have working VirtualBox Guest Additions on CentOS 6.7. You could try to rebuild Guest Additions when new kernels are released, but this is just simple workaround until Vbox Guest Additions are fixed.

    • I used this info to build the Guest Additions for CentOS 6.6, which works correctly, but I don’t understand how this works with CentOS 6.7. When I boot the v6.7 kernel, VirtualBox 4.3.30 tells me the Guest Additions are not installed. What am I missing here? Is there something I can run in the /opt Guest Additions folder that will install the Guest Additions into the v6.7 runtime environment without rebuilding them?

      • Hi curts,

        You have to use 6.6 kernel if you want to use Guest Additions.

        So you can use 6.7 kernel without Guest Additions or use 6.6 kernel with Guest Additions.

    • Thank you so much for the information. I just upgraded to centOS 6.7 last night. This morning, I got “VBoxClient: the VirtualBox kernel service is not running. Exiting”. After finding this post about VBoxGuestAdditions are not compatible with the centOS6.7, I did the first step: install centOS6.6 kernel, and reboot and select kernel 2.6.32-504. The error message didn’t show up this time. Now, I need to do the second step: compile the VirtualBoxLinuxAdditions. In which folder should I run the command “./”? My system could not find the command. Thank you for your help!

      • You are welcome!

        Just run following commands:

        Or directly:

  9. FYI fedora users:

    Yum is depreciated in Fedora 22. For step 3, instead of “yum update kernel*” run:
    dnf update kernel*

    For those having problems with Step 6: “./” try the following:

    Make sure you are set as root (su -, like it said in the beginning of the tutorial)
    cd /run/media/YOURUSERNAMEHERE/

    You should see something like: VBOXADDITIONS_5.0.2_102096


    Done! :)

    • Hi sawta,

      I updated step 3. thanks.

      If you run step 2. commands and then step 6. commands, then you shouldn’t have problems. :)

      Actually it’s maybe better change step 2. and step 3. order.

  10. Best VBGA instructions I’ve found! Thank you!

  11. Thanks for the great site. I don’t know who you are but you’ve done a great job providing a lot of very useful information. Thanks for all your time and effort.

  12. You might want to point out in step 6 that if you’re installing guest additions on Fedora server (and I assume server versions of the other distributions) then the output will be slightly different. I got a message that I didn’t save that the windows and graphics installation would be skipped because no X system was found and the installation would be skipped. It was a bit confusing because the output just terminated at that and I didn’t get the notice to reboot. After rebooting, though, I found that my host shared folder was mounted and I could copy files onto my server.

    Thanks for a great document.

  13. Thanks s lot!
    For CentOS 7, at least a GUI-less infrastructure server, this was sufficient:

    yum update kernel*
    yum install gcc kernel-devel bzip2
    KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/uname -r
    export KERN_DIR
    mkdir /media/cdrom
    mount -r /dev/cdrom /media/cdrom
    cd /media/cdrom


    So it was a bit easier, I did not need kernel-headers, dkms, perl nor the epel rpm .
    dkms was even unknown in my CentOS7.
    kernel-headers were already included in kernel-devel

  14. hi
    how to install virtualbox guest additions 5.0.4 in fedora 23 workstation beta ?
    I try many times but i don’t succeed : i have this message “Warning : unsupported pre-release version of X.Org Server installed. Not installing the X.Org drivers.”

    Any ideas please ?



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