MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. This is guide, howto install or upgrade MySQL Community Server latest and greatest version 5.5.37 on Fedora 18/17/16/15/14/13/12, CentOS 6.5/6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.10 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.5/6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.10.
Note: If you are upgrading MySQL (from earlier version), then make sure that you backup (dump and copy) your database and configs. And remember run mysql_upgrade command.
Install MySQL Database 5.5.37 on Fedora 18/17/16/15/14/13/12, CentOS 6.5/5.10, Red Hat (RHEL) 6.5/5.10
## Remi Dependency on CentOS 6 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6 ##
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
## CentOS 6 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm
## Remi Dependency on CentOS 5 and Red Hat (RHEL) 5 ##
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
## CentOS 5 and Red Hat (RHEL) 5 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-5.rpm
3. Check Available MySQL versions
Fedora 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12
yum--enablerepo=remi list mysql mysql-server
CentOS 6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.9 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.9
yum--enablerepo=remi,remi-test list mysql mysql-server
CentOS 6.5/6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.10 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.5/6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.10
yum--enablerepo=remi,remi-test install mysql mysql-server
5. Start MySQL server and autostart MySQL on boot
systemctl start mysqld.service ## use restart after update
systemctl enable mysqld.service
Fedora 15/14/13/12/11, CentOS 6.5/6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.10 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.5/6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.10
/etc/init.d/mysqld start ## use restart after update## OR ##
service mysqld start ## use restart after update
chkconfig --levels235 mysqld on
6. MySQL Secure Installation
Set (Change) root password
Remove anonymous users
Disallow root login remotely
Remove test database and access to it
Reload privilege tables
Start MySQL Secure Installation with following command
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we\'ll need the current
password for the root user. If you\'ve just installed MySQL, and
you haven\'t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] Y
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
- Dropping test database...
- Removing privileges on test database...
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
All done! If you\'ve completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.
Thanks for using MySQL!
Note: If you don’t want some reason, do a “MySQL Secure Installation” then at least it’s very important to change the root user’s password