This is guide, howto install WordPress 4.1.1 with Nginx or Apache on Fedora 21/20/19, CentOS 7/6.6/5.11 and Red Hat (RHEL) 7/6.6/5.11 servers. WordPress needs web server with PHP and MariaDB or MySQL database. This guide uses Apache web server with PHP 5.6 or Nginx web server with PHP 5.6 (PHP-FPM) and MariaDB 10/5.5 database server or Mysql 5.6 database server.

If you want to install WordPress with Apache then use a – [Apache] sections and if you want install WordPress with Nginx then use b – [Nginx] sections.

1. Install Needed Web and Database Servers

[Apache]

1.1a Install the whole LAMP environment with following guide

LAMP (Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP) on Fedora, CentOS/Red Hat (RHEL)

[Nginx]

1.1b Install the whole LEMP environment with following guide

LEMP (Linux/Nginx/MySQL/PHP) on Fedora, CentOS/Red Hat (RHEL)

OR

[Apache]

1.2a Install just MariaDB or MySQL and Apache with PHP using following guides

  1. Install MariaDB 10/5.5 on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)
  2. Install MySQL 5.6 on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)
  3. Install Apache (httpd) and PHP 5.6 on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)

[Nginx]

1.2b Install just MariaDB or MySQL and Nginx with PHP (PHP-FPM) using following guides

  1. Install MariaDB 10/5.5 on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)
  2. Install MySQL 5.6 on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)
  3. Install Nginx and PHP 5.6 (PHP-FPM) on Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat (RHEL)

2. Install WordPress 4.1.1 on Fedora 21/20/19, CentOS/Red Hat (RHEL) 7/6.6/5.11

2.1 Change root user


su -
## OR ##
sudo -i

2.2 Download WordPress 4.1.1 / latest


cd /tmp
wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

[Apache]

2.3a Untar/Extract Downloaded WordPress Package


tar -xvzf latest.tar.gz -C /var/www/html

[Nginx]

2.3b Create needed directories, set permissions and untar/Extract Downloaded WordPress Package


mkdir -p /srv/www/wordpress/public_html
mkdir /srv/www/wordpress/logs

tar -xvzf latest.tar.gz -C /srv/www/wordpress/public_html --strip-components=1

chown -R apache:apache /srv/www/wordpress

Note: I use apache user and group here, because PHP-FPM runs as apache default (apache Choosed to be able to access some dir as httpd). If you use some other user on your php-fpm conf then change this accordingly.

3. Create MariaDB/MySQL Database for WordPress

3.1 Connect MariaDB/MySQL Database as root


## localhost ##
mysql -h localhost -u root -p

## Remote server ##
mysql -h 10.0.0.15 -u username -p

3.2 Setup MariaDB/MySQL Database for WordPress


## Create new user ##
CREATE USER wordpress@localhost IDENTIFIED BY "some_good_password_for_wordpress";

## Create new database ##
CREATE DATABASE wordpress_blog;

## Grant needed permissions ##
GRANT ALL ON wordpress_blog.* TO wordpress@localhost;

## Flush privileges ##
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

## Exit ##
exit

4. Setup WordPress

[Apache]

4.1a Create Apache VirtualHost for WordPress

This is simple VirtualHost setup for local usage. VirtualHost is not mandatory for WordPress installation.
Add following to /etc/httpd/conf.d/wordpress.conf file:



  ServerAdmin test@test
  DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress
  ServerName wordpress

  # Logging
  ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/wordpress-error-log
  CustomLog /var/log/httpd/wordpress-acces-log common

Restart Apache (httpd)


## Fedora 21/20/19 and CentOS/RHEL 7 ##
systemctl stop httpd.service
 
## CentOS/RHEL 6.6/5.11 ##
service httpd stop
## OR ##
/etc/init.d/httpd stop

[Nginx]

4.1b Create Nginx VirtualHost for WordPress

Create sites-available and sites-enabled directories


mkdir /etc/nginx/sites-available
mkdir /etc/nginx/sites-enabled

Include sites-enabled
Add following lines to /etc/nginx/nginx.conf file, after “include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf” line (inside http block).


## Load virtual host conf files. ##
include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

Create Nginx wordpress virtual host file
Add following content to /etc/nginx/sites-available/wordpress file. This is basic Nginx virtual host config file for wordpress.


server {
    server_name wordpress;
    access_log /srv/www/wordpress/logs/access.log;
    error_log /srv/www/wordpress/logs/error.log;
    root /srv/www/wordpress/public_html;
 
    location / {
        index index.php;
    }
 
    # Disable favicon.ico logging
    location = /favicon.ico {
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    # Allow robots and disable logging
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    # Enable permalink structures
    if (!-e $request_filename) {
        rewrite . /index.php last;
    }

    # Handle php requests
    location ~ \.php$ {
        include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }

    # Disable static content logging and set cache time to max
    location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|ico)$ {
        expires max;
        log_not_found off;
    }

    # Deny access to htaccess and htpasswd files
    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny  all;
    }
}

Create symlink on sites enabled directory


cd /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/wordpress

Restart Nginx server


## Fedora 21/20/19 and CentOS/RHEL 7 ##
systemctl stop nginx.service
 
## CentOS/RHEL 6.6/5.11 ##
service nginx stop
## OR ##
/etc/init.d/nginx stop

4.2 Set wordpress pointing to localhost (or some other host)

Add following to /etc/hosts file:


127.0.0.1  wordpress

[Apache]

4.3a Create wp-config.php


cd /var/www/html/wordpress
cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php

[Nginx]

4.3b Create wp-config.php


cd /srv/www/wordpress/public_html
cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php

4.4 Configure WordPress wp-config.php file

Open wp-config.php with text editor.

Setup at following database settings (which was created in section 3.2)


// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define('DB_NAME', 'database_name_here');

/** MySQL database username */
define('DB_USER', 'username_here');

/** MySQL database password */
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password_here');

/** MySQL hostname */
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');

/** Database Charset to use in creating database tables. */
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');

/** The Database Collate type. Don't change this if in doubt. */
define('DB_COLLATE', '');

Insert some unique data on following section


define('AUTH_KEY',         'put your unique phrase here');
define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY',  'put your unique phrase here');
define('LOGGED_IN_KEY',    'put your unique phrase here');
define('NONCE_KEY',        'put your unique phrase here');
define('AUTH_SALT',        'put your unique phrase here');
define('SECURE_AUTH_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here');
define('LOGGED_IN_SALT',   'put your unique phrase here');
define('NONCE_SALT',	   'put your unique phrase here');

Generate unique phrases using pwgen
Install pwgen:


yum install pwgen

Generate phreses with pwgen:


pwgen -sy 50

Output:

l_fO1Q6\P>yYfsWZ9BY7_jj;U2k&,'5do!;rR5L!~M]y_{]~me
lOVt"rJk.rqZRUXA)VNZHs@]A1W1Zzdcb?+4y5D4'5zCYy>5lI
m8)ab[9]JO$S_;\+u0Q>e~@:VZ|N!R{u#3\NZavWZv.caQ_?GU
bu}g.6=j,6/at-lm1u2S_K>3ckX=EeI~i$?0p]zD|pO((a{b1]
#-otVokEQz9+&M0hokkKL]l*BK|c5w}bFmUZ:|=v'B:"_u^LV7
z{N*`:~6IzgL%p;#j_:8)nReK|*Cdr%#e)"F-v_VKWahLi%p\t
C+to$qo~PTq8=BD0{jv?dJyiY(L;'2sW`CnW!4*#y>|#Xpa4TF
%BCO]d}[ag5ivSZz+[ER]sr@W}`*J6](jFtQ]h>,DF<>KN?#?HXLJXB(i
~dMJ[e"S}c4R>7^Q)vG{Uq-):e}4I+]zsM@h#sz*7{Bnk}oa(y
...

Then simply use these generated phrases on WordPress config file. Remember remove or replace all quotation marks.

Check/Setup following parameters if needed:


// WordPress Database Table prefix
$table_prefix  = 'wp_';

// WordPress Localized Language, defaults to English
define ('WPLANG', '');

// For developers: WordPress debugging mode
define('wp_DEBUG', false);

Save wp-config.php file!

This guide example wp-config.php could look following


define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress_blog');
define('DB_USER', 'wordpress');
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'some_good_password_for_wordpress');
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');
define('DB_COLLATE', '');
define('AUTH_KEY',         'l_fO1Q6\P>yYfsWZ9BY7_jj;U2k&,"5do!;rR5L!~M]y_{]~me');
define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY',  'lOVt"rJk.rqZRUXA)VNZHs@]A1W1Zzdcb?+4y5D4"5zCYy>5lI');
define('LOGGED_IN_KEY',    'm8)ab[9]JO$S_;\+u0Q>e~@:VZ|N!R{u#3\NZavWZv.caQ_?GU');
define('NONCE_KEY',        'bu}g.6=j,6/at-lm1u2S_K>3ckX=EeI~i$?0p]zD|pO((a{b1]');
define('AUTH_SALT',        '#-otVokEQz9+&M0hokkKL]l*BK|c5w}bFmUZ:|=v"B:"_u^LV7');
define('SECURE_AUTH_SALT', 'z{N*`:~6IzgL%p;#j_:8)nReK|*Cdr%#e)"F-v_VKWahLi%p\t');
define('LOGGED_IN_SALT',   '%BCO]d}[ag5ivSZz+[ER]sr@W}`*J6](jFtQ]h>,D7^Q)vG{Uq-):e}4I+]zsM@h#sz*7{Bnk}oa(y');
$table_prefix  = 'wp_';
define ('WPLANG', '');
define('wp_DEBUG', false);

4.5 Finnish WordPress Configuration with Browser

Open browser and Goto following address http://wordpress/.

Setup Basic WordPress Blog Data and Create Admin User

WordPress 4.0 Setup Basic WordPress Blog Data and Create Admin User

WordPress Installation Completed

WordPress 4.0 Installation Success

5. Use WordPress

5.1 WordPress Log In

WordPress 4.0 Login

5.2 WordPress 4.1.1 Welcome Screen and Dashboard

WordPress 4.1.1 on Fedora 21

5.3 WordPress 4.1.1 Blog with Twenty Fifteen Template

WordPress 4.1.1 Twenty Fifteen Theme