Install Sun/Oracle Java JDK/JRE 6u45 on Fedora 19/18, CentOS/RHEL 6.4/5.9

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Please note: This guide still working normally if you want install Sun/Oracle Java 6, but if you want Java 8 version, then check Install Oracle Java JDK/JRE 8 on Fedora, CentOS/RHEL or if you want Java 7 version, then check Howto Install Sun/Oracle Java JDK/JRE 7 on Fedora, CentOS/Red Hat (RHEL).

By default, Fedora 19/18/17/16/15/14/13/12 and CentOS/Red Hat (RHEL) 6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.9 Linux operating systems use the OpenJDK Java, which is a good choice for normal use and it works with almost all the Java programs normally. OpenJDK is also easy to install and maintain with YUM package management, but some cases, Sun/Oracle Java installation is necessary, for example, if some program have to compile with Sun/Oracle Java or a particular program does not work without Sun/Oracle Java.

This is guide, howto install Oracle Java JDK/JRE 6u45 on Fedora 19/18/17/16/15/14/13/12, CentOS/RHEL 6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.9.

Install Sun/Oracle Java JDK/JRE 6u45 on Fedora 19/18/17/16/15/14/13/12 CentOS 6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.9, Red Hat (RHEL) 6.4/6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.9

1. Download Sun/Oracle Java JDK or JRE RPMs

Download Sun/Oracle Java JDK or JRE from here (current version is JDK 6 Update 45) http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javasebusiness/downloads/java-archive-downloads-javase6-419409.html#jdk-6u45-oth-JPR.
Note: Select rpm.bin package (example jdk-6u45-linux-i586-rpm.bin, jre-6u45-linux-i586-rpm.bin, jdk-6u45-linux-x64-rpm.bin or jre-6u45-linux-x64-rpm.bin).

2. Change to root user.


sudo -i
## OR ##
su -

3a. Run Sun/Oracle Java JDK binary


chmod +x /path/to/file/jdk-6u45-linux-*-rpm.bin
/path/to/binary/jdk-6u45-linux-*-rpm.bin

## OR ##

sh /path/to/binary/jdk-6u45-linux-*-rpm.bin

Note: Use full file name (without asterix) if you have both i586 and x64 versions downloaded.

3b. Run Sun/Oracle Java JRE binary


chmod +x /path/to/file/jre-6u45-linux-*-rpm.bin
/path/to/binary/jre-6u45-linux-*-rpm.bin

## OR ##

sh /path/to/binary/jre-6u45-linux-*-rpm.bin

Note: Use full file name (without asterix) if you have both i586 and x64 versions downloaded.

4a. Install Sun/Oracle JDK java, javaws, libjavaplugin.so (for Firefox/Mozilla) and javac with alternatives –install command


## java ##
alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/bin/java 20000
## javaws ##
alternatives --install /usr/bin/javaws javaws /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/bin/javaws 20000

## Java Browser (Mozilla) Plugin 32-bit ##
alternatives --install /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin.so libjavaplugin.so /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/lib/i386/libnpjp2.so 20000

## Java Browser (Mozilla) Plugin 64-bit ##
alternatives --install /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin.so libjavaplugin.so.x86_64 /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so 20000

## Install javac only if you installed JDK (Java Development Kit) package ##
alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/bin/javac 20000
alternatives --install /usr/bin/jar jar /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/bin/jar 20000

4b. Install Sun/Oracle JRE java, javaws and libjavaplugin.so (for Firefox/Mozilla) with alternatives –install command


## java ##
alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/java/jre1.6.0_45/bin/java 20000

## javaws ##
alternatives --install /usr/bin/javaws javaws /usr/java/jre1.6.0_45/bin/javaws 20000

## Java Browser (Mozilla) Plugin 32-bit ##
alternatives --install /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin.so libjavaplugin.so /usr/java/jre1.6.0_45/lib/i386/libnpjp2.so 20000

## Java Browser (Mozilla) Plugin 64-bit ##
alternatives --install /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin.so libjavaplugin.so.x86_64 /usr/java/jre1.6.0_45/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so 20000

5. Check current java, javac, javaws and libjavaplugin.so versions


java -version
java version "1.6.0_45"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_45-b04)
Java HotSpot(TM) Server VM (build 20.6-b01, mixed mode)

javac -version
javac 1.6.0_45

javaws
Java(TM) Web Start 1.6.0_45
[...]

Note: Check libjavaplugin.so with restarting Mozilla Firefox and writing about:plugins on address bar.
Java 6 Browser Plugin Running on Fedora 18 Firefox 17

Java 6 Console output on Fedora 18:
Fedora 18 Java 6 Console Output

6. Swap between OpenJDK and Sun/Oracle JDK versions


alternatives --config java   # or javac or javaws or libjavaplugin.so
There are 4 programs which provide 'java'.

  Selection    Command
-----------------------------------------------
   1           /usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.6.0-openjdk/bin/java
   2           /usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.5.0-gcj/bin/java
*  3           /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_18/jre/bin/java
 + 4           /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/bin/java

Enter to keep the current selection[+], or type selection number: 

Note: java with [+] is currently on use

Post-Installation Setup

Add JAVA_HOME environment variable to /etc/profile file or $HOME/.bash_profile file


## export JAVA_HOME JDK ##
export JAVA_HOME="/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45"

## export JAVA_HOME JRE ##
export JAVA_HOME="/usr/java/jre1.6.0_45"

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